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Metronidazole is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

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  • Anaerobic infections: Intra-abdominal infections; skin and skin structure infections and bone and joint infections
  • Bacterial septicemia; endocarditis (caused by Bacteroides spp.).
  • Gynecologic infections (endometritis, endomyometritis, tubo-ovarian abscess, and postsurgical vaginal cuff infection).
  • Lower respiratory tract infections (in combination with another agent with activity against microaerophilic Streptococcus).
  • Adjunct treatment for gastritis and duodenal ulcer associated with Helicobacter pylori.
  • CNS infections (meningitis and brain abscess).
  • Treatment of acute intestinal amebiasis and amebic liver abscess.
  • Treatment of symptomatic and asymptomatic trichomoniasis.
  • Bacterial vaginosis (vaginal gel)
  • Rosacea (topical gel).


  • Colitis, antibiotic-associated (treatment).
  • Periodontal disease
  • Elective colorectal surgery prophylaxis (classified as contaminated or potentially contaminated).
  • Treatment of giardiasis and dracunculiasis

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Last updated: December 6, 2011


Pham, Paul A, and John G Bartlett. "Metronidazole." Johns Hopkins HIV Guide, 2011. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545131/all/Metronidazole.
Pham PA, Bartlett JG. Metronidazole. Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. 2011. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545131/all/Metronidazole. Accessed August 19, 2019.
Pham, P. A., & Bartlett, J. G. (2011). Metronidazole. In Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545131/all/Metronidazole
Pham PA, Bartlett JG. Metronidazole [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. ; 2011. [cited 2019 August 19]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545131/all/Metronidazole.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Metronidazole ID - 545131 A1 - Pham,Paul,Pharm.D. AU - Bartlett,John,M.D. Y1 - 2011/12/06/ BT - Johns Hopkins HIV Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545131/all/Metronidazole DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -