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Giardia lamblia is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

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  • Protozoan parasite, reservoir primarily human, potentially domestic and sylvatic animals.
  • Endemic worldwide.[3]
  • Most commonly identified fecal parasite in North America.
    • Mountainous areas of Northeast, Rocky Mtn states, Northwest
    • Pockets of high prevalence in urban areas and areas of over-crowding
    • Outdoor recreation and swimming pools
  • Fecal-oral transmission via contaminated food, person-to-person, and waterborne outbreaks.

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Last updated: April 4, 2018


Spacek, Lisa A. "Giardia Lamblia." Johns Hopkins HIV Guide, 2018. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545083/all/Giardia_lamblia.
Spacek LA. Giardia lamblia. Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. 2018. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545083/all/Giardia_lamblia. Accessed July 22, 2019.
Spacek, L. A. (2018). Giardia lamblia. In Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545083/all/Giardia_lamblia
Spacek LA. Giardia Lamblia [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. ; 2018. [cited 2019 July 22]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545083/all/Giardia_lamblia.
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TY - ELEC T1 - Giardia lamblia ID - 545083 A1 - Spacek,Lisa,M.D., Ph.D. Y1 - 2018/04/04/ BT - Johns Hopkins HIV Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545083/all/Giardia_lamblia DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -