Coccidioidomycosis is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

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PATHOGENS

  • Dimorphic fungus existing as a mycelial form in nature and as endosporulating spherule in tissue. Lives in soil.
  • Infection acquired through inhalation of arthroconidia, which are then converted to spherules within 48 hrs.
  • Endemic in central CA, southern AZ, southern NM, and west TX, northern Mexico, and parts of Central and South America.
  • Species:
    • Coccidioides immitis
    • Coccidioides posadasii

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Last updated: October 3, 2015