Outpatient Management of Diabetes and Acute Illness
Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine. Johns Hopkins Guide App for iOS, iPhone, iPad, and Android included. Explore these free sample topics:
-- The first section of this topic is shown below --
- Acute changes in medical condition that can cause either hyperglycemia (including diabetic ketoacidosis [DKA] and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state [HHS]) or hypoglycemia.
- Hyperglycemia may be due to stress of illness, failure to take adequate insulin or other diabetic medication, dehydration or excess sweet liquid intake.
- Hypoglycemia may be caused by: decreased oral caloric intake, decreased endogenous glucose production (e.g., adrenal crisis or liver failure), increased glucose utilization (e.g., infection), decreased insulin clearance (e.g., renal failure).