Outpatient Management of Diabetes and Acute Illness
Johns Hopkins Guides provide diagnosis, management, and treatment guidance for infectious diseases, diabetes, and psychiatric conditions. Explore these free sample topics:
~~ The first section of this topic is shown below ~~
- Acute changes in medical condition that can cause either hyperglycemia (including diabetic ketoacidosis [DKA] and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state [HHS]) or hypoglycemia.
- Hyperglycemia may be due to stress of illness, failure to take adequate insulin or other diabetic medication, dehydration or excess sweet liquid intake.
- Hypoglycemia may be caused by: decreased oral caloric intake, decreased endogenous glucose production (e.g., adrenal crisis or liver failure), increased glucose utilization (e.g., infection), decreased insulin clearance (e.g., renal failure).