Joshua J. Joseph, M.D. , Simeon Margolis, M.D.
Lipids is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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  • Standard lipid profile includes total cholesterol, TG, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C).
  • Apolipoproteins and lipoprotein lipase activity can also be measured but are not recommend as part of standard analysis.
  • Chylomicrons carry fat absorbed from the intestine.
  • High LDL-C ("bad cholesterol") is the strongest lipid risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
  • Low HDL-C ("good cholesterol) is also a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
  • High triglycerides (TG) are also associated with cardiovascular disease although less strongly than high LDL-C or low HDL-C.
  • Severe hypertriglyceridemia is a cause of pancreatitis .

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Last updated: October 6, 2015