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Joshua J. Joseph, M.D. , Simeon Margolis, M.D.
Lipids is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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  • Standard lipid profile includes total cholesterol, TG, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C).
  • Apolipoproteins and lipoprotein lipase activity can also be measured but are not recommend as part of standard analysis.
  • Chylomicrons carry fat absorbed from the intestine.
  • High LDL-C ("bad cholesterol") is the strongest lipid risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
  • Low HDL-C ("good cholesterol) is also a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
  • High triglycerides (TG) are also associated with cardiovascular disease although less strongly than high LDL-C or low HDL-C.
  • Severe hypertriglyceridemia is a cause of pancreatitis .

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Last updated: October 6, 2015


Joseph, Joshua J, and Simeon Margolis. "Lipids." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2015. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547085/all/Lipids.
Joseph JJ, Margolis S. Lipids. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2015. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547085/all/Lipids. Accessed July 22, 2019.
Joseph, J. J., & Margolis, S. (2015). Lipids. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547085/all/Lipids
Joseph JJ, Margolis S. Lipids [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2015. [cited 2019 July 22]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547085/all/Lipids.
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TY - ELEC T1 - Lipids ID - 547085 A1 - Joseph,Joshua,M.D. AU - Margolis,Simeon,M.D. Y1 - 2015/10/06/ BT - Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547085/all/Lipids DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -