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- Standard lipid profile includes total cholesterol, TG, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C).
- Apolipoproteins and lipoprotein lipase activity can also be measured but are not recommend as part of standard analysis.
- Chylomicrons carry fat absorbed from the intestine.
- High LDL-C ("bad cholesterol") is the strongest lipid risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
- Low HDL-C ("good cholesterol) is also a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
- High triglycerides (TG) are also associated with cardiovascular disease although less strongly than high LDL-C or low HDL-C.
- Severe hypertriglyceridemia is a cause of pancreatitis .