Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine. Johns Hopkins Guide App for iOS, iPhone, iPad, and Android included. Explore these free sample topics:
-- The first section of this topic is shown below --
- A metabolic acidosis characterized by the triad of hyperglycemia (glucose >250 mg/dL), metabolic acidosis (arterial pH ≤ 7.3, serum bicarbonate ≤ 18 meq/L) and moderate ketonuria or ketonemia
- Most, but not all, patients have type 1 diabetes
- Patients with type 2 diabetes also susceptible during acute illness (especially of African American or Hispanic descent) referred to as "ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes," likely due to greater relative insulinopenia.