- Mycetoma: nonspecific term describing chronic infectious process either due to bacteria (actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycetoma).
- Eumycetoma: caused by a variety of fungi most commonly Madurella spp. including dematiaceous fungi.
- Actinomycetoma: caused by Gram positive, filamentous higher bacteria (Actinomyces spp., Nocardia spp.); important to distinguish by culture from eumycetoma to direct appropriate therapy.
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