Walraven CJ, Lingenfelter E, Rollo J, et al.
Department of Pharmacy Services, University of Utah Hospitals and Clinics, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.
SourceJ Emerg Med 2012 Apr; 42(4)
Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections commonly present as skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs). Treatment often includes incision and drainage with or without adjunctive antibiotics. Emergency department (ED) pharmacists wished to provide specific data to emergency physicians to better inform antibiotic choices for patients with SSTIs.
The objectives of this study were to describe local susceptibility trends of CA-MRSA isolates obtained from patients with SSTIs and describe diagnostic and empiric therapeutic management of CA-MRSA SSTIs among ED health care providers at University of Utah Hospitals and Clinics.
Susceptibility of all unique CA-MRSA SSTI isolates for 2008 were identified and compiled into an antibiogram. ED providers evaluated their diagnostic and treatment habits using a self-assessment questionnaire, which was verified against charted information documented in the electronic medical records for patients presenting to the ED with a CA-MRSA SSTI.
The ED antibiogram indicated that 57/58 (98%) CA-MRSA SSTI isolates were susceptible to sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SMX/TMP); 50/58 (86%) isolates were susceptible to tetracycline, and 47/58 (81%) isolates were susceptible to clindamycin. Incision and drainage were performed in 23/25 (92%) patient cases, which was consistent with providers' perceived habits (100%). SMX/TMP monotherapy was preferred among 23/35 (66%) providers, however, SMX/TMP combined with cephalexin was the antibiotic regimen prescribed in 9/22 (41%) patient cases.
Cephalexin was often added to cover for potential cellulitis due to Streptococcus spp., however, the surrounding erythema may simply be an extension of the CA-MRSA infection. Department-specific antibiograms are useful in guiding empiric antibiotic selection and may help providers judiciously prescribe antibiotics only when necessary.
MeshAdolescentAdultAgedAnti-Bacterial AgentsCommunity-Acquired InfectionsEmergency Service, HospitalFemaleHumansMaleMethicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureusMicrobial Sensitivity TestsMiddle AgedRetrospective StudiesSkin Diseases, BacterialSoft Tissue InfectionsStaphylococcal InfectionsUnited StatesYoung Adult