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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

Paul Nestadt, M.D., Yelena Gimelshteyn, M.D., Irving M. Reti, M.B.B.S.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide.

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  • Electroconvulsive therapy is a well-studied and long-established treatment for major depression and other psychiatric conditions, utilizing electrical current to induce controlled seizures in patients under general anesthesia.
  • Stigma and crude, outdated media portrayals may contribute to underutilization of ECT.

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Last updated: January 7, 2018


Nestadt, Paul, et al. "Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)." Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide, 2018. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787142/all/Electroconvulsive_Therapy__ECT_.
Nestadt P, Gimelshteyn Y, Reti IM. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT). Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. 2018. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787142/all/Electroconvulsive_Therapy__ECT_. Accessed July 22, 2019.
Nestadt, P., Gimelshteyn, Y., & Reti, I. M. (2018). Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT). In Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787142/all/Electroconvulsive_Therapy__ECT_
Nestadt P, Gimelshteyn Y, Reti IM. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. ; 2018. [cited 2019 July 22]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787142/all/Electroconvulsive_Therapy__ECT_.
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