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- Concurrent disturbances of both consciousness and cognition (including attention, memory, visuospatial function, executive function) often accompanied by changes in psychomotor behavior, perception, emotion, and sleep-wake cycle
- Duration is variable, but onset is often abrupt, usually over the course of hours to days, and ranging in severity.
- Can persist for weeks to months
- Delirium is a clinical syndrome indicating underlying pathology.
- It is not a disease unto itself.
- Delirium is classified under the neurocognitive disorders (NCDs) section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5).
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Last updated: January 29, 2017
Heffernan, Sean P, and Peter V Rabins. "Delirium." Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide, 2017. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787106/7/Delirium.
Heffernan SP, Rabins PV. Delirium. Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. 2017. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787106/7/Delirium. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Heffernan, S. P., & Rabins, P. V. (2017). Delirium. In Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787106/7/Delirium
Heffernan SP, Rabins PV. Delirium [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. ; 2017. [cited 2019 July 18]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787106/7/Delirium.
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