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- Tobacco use disorder is a cluster of behavioral, cognitive, and physical characteristics that occur in persons who are regular cigarette smokers or users of other tobacco products.
- Nicotine is the active ingredient in tobacco that triggers dopamine release and leads to the pleasurable effects of smoking.
- Chronic nicotine exposure results in tolerance and physical dependence.
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Last updated: May 2, 2017
McCaul, Mary E, and Heidi E Hutton. "Tobacco-Related Disorders." Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide, 2017. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787104/all/Tobacco_Related_Disorders.
McCaul ME, Hutton HE. Tobacco-Related Disorders. Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. 2017. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787104/all/Tobacco_Related_Disorders. Accessed April 24, 2019.
McCaul, M. E., & Hutton, H. E. (2017). Tobacco-Related Disorders. In Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787104/all/Tobacco_Related_Disorders
McCaul ME, Hutton HE. Tobacco-Related Disorders [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. ; 2017. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787104/all/Tobacco_Related_Disorders.
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