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John W. Dougherty, III, D.O., David Neubauer, M.D.
Parasomnias is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide.

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  • Parasomnias are defined as disorders that involve undesirable motor, verbal, or experiential phenomena that occur during sleep or with sleep onset/arousals[1].
  • Parasomnias occur due to abnormal transitions from non-rapid eye movement (NREM), rapid eye movement (REM), and wakefulness[2].
    • Often with periods of dissociation or overlap among these
  • Parasomnias are divided into NREM sleep disorders, REM sleep disorders, and "other parasomnias".
    • NREM sleep disorders include: conusional arousals, sleepwalking, and sleep terrors
    • REM sleep disorders include: nightmare disorder, REM sleep behavior disorder, and isolated sleep paralysis.
    • Other parasomnias include: exploding head syndrome, sleep enuresis, sleep-related groaning (catathrenia), sleep-related hallucinations, and sleep-related eating syndrome.
  • Parasomnias are classified under the Sleep-Wake Disorders section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5)[3]

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Last updated: October 15, 2014


Dougherty, III, John W, and David Neubauer. "Parasomnias." Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide, 2014. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787087/all/Parasomnias.
Dougherty, III JW, Neubauer D. Parasomnias. Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. 2014. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787087/all/Parasomnias. Accessed June 18, 2019.
Dougherty, III, J. W., & Neubauer, D. (2014). Parasomnias. In Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787087/all/Parasomnias
Dougherty, III JW, Neubauer D. Parasomnias [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. ; 2014. [cited 2019 June 18]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787087/all/Parasomnias.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Parasomnias ID - 787087 A1 - Dougherty, III,John,D.O. AU - Neubauer,David,M.D. Y1 - 2014/10/15/ BT - Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787087/all/Parasomnias DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -