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Specific Learning Disorder

Rick Ostrander, Ed.D., E. Mark Mahone, Ph.D., ABPP
Specific Learning Disorder is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide.

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  • Specific learning disorder (SLD) is a group of neurobiologically based neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of:
    • Listening
    • Speaking
    • Reading
    • Writing
    • Reasoning
    • Mathematical abilities
  • Specific learning disorder is classified under the Neurodevelopmental Disorders section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5)[1].
    • The key feature is difficulties learning and using academic skills, despite interventions being put in place to target those difficulties.
    • The difficulties may include: inaccurate or slow and effortful word reading; difficulty understanding the meaning of what is read; difficulties with spelling, written expression, mathematical reasoning; difficulties mastering number sense, number facts, or calculation.

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Last updated: September 3, 2017


Ostrander, Rick, and E. M Mahone. "Specific Learning Disorder." Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide, 2017. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787037/all/Specific_Learning_Disorder.
Ostrander R, Mahone EM. Specific Learning Disorder. Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. 2017. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787037/all/Specific_Learning_Disorder. Accessed June 17, 2019.
Ostrander, R., & Mahone, E. M. (2017). Specific Learning Disorder. In Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787037/all/Specific_Learning_Disorder
Ostrander R, Mahone EM. Specific Learning Disorder [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. ; 2017. [cited 2019 June 17]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787037/all/Specific_Learning_Disorder.
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TY - ELEC T1 - Specific Learning Disorder ID - 787037 A1 - Ostrander,Rick,Ed.D. AU - Mahone,E.,Ph.D., ABPP Y1 - 2017/09/03/ BT - Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787037/all/Specific_Learning_Disorder DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -