Autism Spectrum Disorder

J. Corey Williams, Na Young Ji, M.D.
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine. Johns Hopkins Guide App for iOS, iPhone, iPad, and Android included. Explore these free sample topics:

Johns Hopkins Guides

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --


  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in two major areas[1]:
    • Social communication and social interaction and
    • Restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities
  • ASD is classified under the Neurodevelopmental Disorders section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5)[1].
    • The DSM-5 has an extensive, but not exhaustive, list of criteria for ASD. For these detailed criteria, please see the DSM-5 itself[1].
    • The criteria-based diagnosis requires deficits in social communication/interaction across multiple contexts and restricted, repetitive behavior/interests.
    • ASD encompasses DSM-IV’s[2] autistic disorder; childhood disintegrative disorder; pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified; Asperger’s disorder.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: August 2, 2017