Altered Mental Status
- “Altered mental status” is a vague, often misleading description that encompasses a host of presentations that include changes in cognition, mood, behavior and/or level of arousal such as:
- Delirium and/or encephalopathy
- Dementia or other neurocognitive disorders
- Acute worsening of psychiatric illness
- There is a spectrum of acute brain dysfunction including coma, stupor, and delirium which include impairment of consciousness.
- Consciousness is further delineated into content (cognitive function mediated by cortical brain areas) and arousal (wakefulness mediated by reticular activating system).
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Last updated: May 11, 2022
Beal, Marissa, et al. "Altered Mental Status." Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide, 2022. Johns Hopkins Guides, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787028/all/Altered_Mental_Status.
Beal M, Gimelshteyn Y, Rabins PV. Altered Mental Status. Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. 2022. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787028/all/Altered_Mental_Status. Accessed June 1, 2023.
Beal, M., Gimelshteyn, Y., & Rabins, P. V. (2022). Altered Mental Status. In Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787028/all/Altered_Mental_Status
Beal M, Gimelshteyn Y, Rabins PV. Altered Mental Status [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. ; 2022. [cited 2023 June 01]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787028/all/Altered_Mental_Status.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Altered Mental Status ID - 787028 A1 - Beal,Marissa,DO AU - Gimelshteyn,Yelena,M.D. AU - Rabins,Peter,M.D., M.P.H. Y1 - 2022/05/11/ BT - Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787028/all/Altered_Mental_Status DB - Johns Hopkins Guides DP - Unbound Medicine ER -