- Depressed mood is a normal emotional response to loss, disappointment, or failure.
- Major depressive disorder is an episodic illness associated with changes in mood, vital sense, and self-attitude. It leads to marked functional impairment and reduced ability to anticipate or experience pleasure or happiness. It is associated with feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness, psychotic symptoms, psychomotor retardation, and/or suicidal ideation.
- Depressive disorders are common mental disorders that occur in people of all ages and ethnicities. The timing, duration, and severity of symptoms help distinguish the various depressive disorders.
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Last updated: July 4, 2022
Im, Carolyn H, et al. "Depression." Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide, 2022. Johns Hopkins Guides, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787017/all/Depression.
Im CH, Silverberg MB, Speed T. Depression. Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. 2022. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787017/all/Depression. Accessed June 1, 2023.
Im, C. H., Silverberg, M. B., & Speed, T. (2022). Depression. In Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787017/all/Depression
Im CH, Silverberg MB, Speed T. Depression [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. ; 2022. [cited 2023 June 01]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787017/all/Depression.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
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