Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide

Child Psychiatry

Shin-Bey Chang, M.D., Roma Vasa, M.D.
Child Psychiatry is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine. Johns Hopkins Guide App for iOS, iPhone, iPad, and Android included. Explore these free sample topics:

Johns Hopkins Guides

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

DEFINITION

  • Child psychiatry is centered on the assessment, treatment, and prevention of mental health problems in children and adolescents.
    • Unfortunately, children and adolescents can experience significant difficulties in emotion regulation, cognition, and behavior that cause marked impairments in functioning.
  • Interest in childhood development first emerged in the 18th century.
    • French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s major novel, Émile, focused on the physical, emotional, and social development of children through education[1].
  • In the latter half of the 19th century, European psychiatrists including Emminghaus, Manheimer, and Moreau de Tours described childhood psychopathology based upon diagnostic classifications created for adults[2].
  • In 1930, the first academic child psychiatry department was founded by Dr. Leo Kanner, under the direction of Dr. Adolf Meyer, at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Dr. Kanner wrote the first English-language textbook in the field titled Child Psychiatry in 1935 and was also a pioneer in describing the clinical syndrome of autism[3].
  • Child and adolescent psychiatry emerged as an established medical specialty in 1953 through the founding of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry[1].
    • The organization is now known as the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: November 6, 2014