Toxoplasmosis is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

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PATHOGENS

  • Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan
  • Environmental exposure to oocysts (cat feces) or food exposure (undercooked meat containing tissue cysts or contaminated raw shellfish) leads to infection.
  • Infection lifelong; disease most often due to reactivation of latent tissue cysts. No person-to–person transmission.

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Last updated: January 25, 2014