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Primary HIV Infection is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

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PATHOGENS

  • HIV-1 and HIV-2 (HIV-2 predominantly found in West Africa; also Mozambique and India).
  • HIV-1 divided into 3 groups: M (Main) group (worldwide distribution); O (Outlier) group (primarily West Africa), and N (Non-O, Non-M) group (Cameroon).
  • M group further divided into subtypes or clades designated A-K.
  • HIV-1 group M subtype B is predominant cause of HIV-1 infection in U.S.
  • Majority of HIV sexually transmitted with MSM the major mode in U.S. Heterosexual sex is the major mode globally. Injection drug use and mother-to-child transmission are also important modes of infection.
  • A "primary HIV-like" syndrome can occur after discontinuation of ART in 5% of individuals.

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Last updated: July 31, 2016

Citation

Hoffmann, Christopher. "Primary HIV Infection." Johns Hopkins HIV Guide, 2016. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection.
Hoffmann C. Primary HIV Infection. Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. 2016. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection. Accessed June 16, 2019.
Hoffmann, C. (2016). Primary HIV Infection. In Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection
Hoffmann C. Primary HIV Infection [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. ; 2016. [cited 2019 June 16]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Primary HIV Infection ID - 545171 A1 - Hoffmann,Christopher,M.D., M.P.H. Y1 - 2016/07/31/ BT - Johns Hopkins HIV Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -