Primary HIV Infection
is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide
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- HIV-1 and HIV-2 (HIV-2 predominantly found in West Africa; also Mozambique and India).
- HIV-1 divided into 3 groups: M (Main) group (worldwide distribution); O (Outlier) group (primarily West Africa), and N (Non-O, Non-M) group (Cameroon).
- M group further divided into subtypes or clades designated A-K.
- HIV-1 group M subtype B is predominant cause of HIV-1 infection in U.S.
- Majority of HIV sexually transmitted with MSM the major mode in U.S. Heterosexual sex is the major mode globally. Injection drug use and mother-to-child transmission are also important modes of infection.
- A "primary HIV-like" syndrome can occur after discontinuation of ART in 5% of individuals.
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Last updated: July 31, 2016
Hoffmann, Christopher. "Primary HIV Infection." Johns Hopkins HIV Guide, 2016. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection.
Hoffmann C. Primary HIV Infection. Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. 2016. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection. Accessed April 23, 2019.
Hoffmann, C. (2016). Primary HIV Infection. In Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection
Hoffmann C. Primary HIV Infection [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. ; 2016. [cited 2019 April 23]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545171/all/Primary_HIV_Infection.
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