Johns Hopkins HIV GuideDiagnosisOpportunistic InfectionsParasitic


Khalil Ghanem, M.D., Lisa A. Spacek, M.D., Ph.D.
Microsporidiosis is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine. Johns Hopkins Guide App for iOS, iPhone, iPad, and Android included. Explore these free sample topics:

Johns Hopkins Guides

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --


  • Microsporidia is general term for obligate intracellular eukaryotic parasites belonging to phylum Microsporidia.
  • Most commonly identified with human disease:
    • Enterocytozoon bieneusi
    • Encephalitozoon hellem, Encephalitozoon cuniculi & Encephalitozoon intestinalis (syn. Septata intestinalis)
    • Vittaforma corneae
  • Sources of infection & modes of transmission, likely zoonotic and/or waterborne.
  • Spores are quite resistant to environmental conditions and can remain infectious for several years, particularly if protected from desiccation.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: January 23, 2014