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Herpes zoster is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

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  • Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is an enveloped double-stranded DNA virus of the α-herpesviruses.
  • Primary infection (varicella) usually acquired by respiratory droplet; acquisition from reactivation zoster less common.
  • Establishes lifelong latency after initial infection in sensory ganglion neurons; 98% of adult US population infected.[1]

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Last updated: December 7, 2015


Ghanem, Khalil G, and Lisa A Spacek. "Herpes Zoster." Johns Hopkins HIV Guide, 2015. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545093/all/Herpes_zoster.
Ghanem KG, Spacek LA. Herpes zoster. Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. 2015. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545093/all/Herpes_zoster. Accessed August 19, 2019.
Ghanem, K. G., & Spacek, L. A. (2015). Herpes zoster. In Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545093/all/Herpes_zoster
Ghanem KG, Spacek LA. Herpes Zoster [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. ; 2015. [cited 2019 August 19]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545093/all/Herpes_zoster.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
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