Herpes zoster is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

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  • Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is an enveloped double-stranded DNA virus of the α-herpesviruses.
  • Primary infection (varicella) usually acquired by respiratory droplet; acquisition from reactivation zoster less common.
  • Establishes lifelong latency after initial infection in sensory ganglion neurons; 98% of adult US population infected.[1]

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Last updated: December 7, 2015