Hepatitis A


  • Hepatitis A virus (HAV): non-enveloped, icosahedral, positive-stranded RNA virus
  • Spread via fecal-oral route; more prevalent in low- and middle-income countries (20-30% of people in U.S. are seropositive).
  • Transmission through contaminated food and water (including fruits and packaged foods imported into the U.S.) and through some sexual practices (oral-anal and digital-anal sex); multiple sexual partners and MSM are risks.
  • Pathogenesis from robust HAV-specific CD8+ T-cell, NK T-cell, and IFN response leading to hepatocyte destruction.

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Last updated: May 9, 2022