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Diabetes Management During Times of Religious Fasting / Ramadan
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- Fasting is considered one of the five pillars of Islam.
- Ramadan is the ninth month of the lunar-based Islamic calendar. The duration varies between 29 to 30 days.
- Fasting in the month of Ramadan is considered obligatory for Muslims with some exceptions (i.e. serious illness or traveling).
- The fasting day starts with dawn and ends at sunset.
- Fasting consists of completely refraining from eating and drinking.
- It is part of the Ramadan tradition that the family wakes up before dawn to have a meal. Over indulgence in food rich in carbohydrates and saturated fat (depending on the local culture) at breaking of the fast is common.
- In the month of Ramadan, Muslims also increase the amount of nightly prayers, charity and recitation of Quran (Holy book of Muslims).
- Other non-obligatory fasting days that many Muslims may choose to observe throughout the year include:
- Mondays and Thursdays
- 13-15th days of each lunar month throughout the year
- 6 days in the month of Shaban (10th month of Islamic calendar)
- First 9 days of Dhu al Hijjah ("The Month of the Pilgrimage" - 12th month of Islamic calendar)
- 2 days around 10th of Muharram (first month of Islamic calendar).