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Point-of-care HbA1c machines

Sudipa Sarkar, M.D., Mark D. Corriere, M.D., Rita Rastogi Kalyani, M.D., M.H.S.
Point-of-care HbA1c machines is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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  • Commercially available laboratory-based hemoglobin A1c testing became available in 1978.
  • Point-of-care (POC) hemoglobin A1c testing became available in the 1990s and has increased over the last decade.
  • Point-of-care testing allows for testing in the office (or home use) and requires a small amount of blood via a finger prick (similar to a glucometer). Results are generally available within 10 minutes.
  • Most POC HbA1c testing has waived status from the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA), which means the Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention deem the test to be so simple that there is little risk of error. No specific training is needed to operate the machine. Users of the machine are exempt from other CLIA requirements and inspections.
  • A sampling of commonly available machines is listed below.

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Last updated: March 3, 2019


Sarkar, Sudipa, et al. "Point-of-care HbA1c Machines." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2019. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547180/all/Point_of_care_HbA1c_machines.
Sarkar S, Corriere MD, Kalyani RR. Point-of-care HbA1c machines. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2019. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547180/all/Point_of_care_HbA1c_machines. Accessed June 17, 2019.
Sarkar, S., Corriere, M. D., & Kalyani, R. R. (2019). Point-of-care HbA1c machines. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547180/all/Point_of_care_HbA1c_machines
Sarkar S, Corriere MD, Kalyani RR. Point-of-care HbA1c Machines [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2019. [cited 2019 June 17]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547180/all/Point_of_care_HbA1c_machines.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Point-of-care HbA1c machines ID - 547180 A1 - Sarkar,Sudipa,M.D. AU - Corriere,Mark,M.D. AU - Kalyani,Rita,M.D., M.H.S. Y1 - 2019/03/03/ BT - Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547180/all/Point_of_care_HbA1c_machines DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -