Diabetes and Periodontal Disease
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- Periodontitis: a local inflammatory process mediating destruction of periodontal tissues in the form of tooth loss, triggered by a bacterial insult in those genetically susceptible.
- Periodontal pathogens are necessary but insufficient to provoke the disease process: ’susceptible host’ required.
- Characterized by a systemic inflammatory host response.
- Differences in clinical disease expression are related to both variations in pathogens and host response.