Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners

Christine McKinney, RD, LDN, CDE, Thomas Donner, M.D.
Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

To view the entire topic, please or purchase a subscription.

Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine. Johns Hopkins Guide App for iOS, iPhone, iPad, and Android included. Explore these free sample topics:

Johns Hopkins Guides

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --


Nutritive sweeteners

  • Nutritive sweeteners contain carbohydrate and provide energy.
  • Nutritive sweeteners are often termed sugars, added sugars or caloric sweeteners.
  • Sugars are found naturally in fruits, dairy products and some vegetables.
  • Sugars are also added to foods and beverages during processing and by the consumer before consumption.
  • The names of sugar commonly found in foods includes: glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, maltose, lactose, corn-based sweeteners, honey, molasses, agave nectar and fruit juice concentrates.
  • Sugar alcohols (polyols) contain about half the calories of sugar and are used as a lower-calorie sweeteners.
  • The names of some of the sugar alcohols are: erythritol, glycerol (also known as glycerin or glycerine), hydrogenated starch hydrolysates, isomalt, lactitol, maltitol, mannitol, sorbitol, and xylitol.

Non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS)

  • Have a higher intensity sweetness per gram than nutritive sweeteners.
  • Only needed in small quantities so they provide very few or no calories.
  • Also referred to as artificial sweeteners, low-calorie sweeteners, high-intensity sweeteners and noncaloric sweeteners.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or purchase a subscription --

Last updated: November 29, 2015


McKinney, Christine, and Thomas Donner. "Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2015. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners.
McKinney C, Donner T. Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2015. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners. Accessed July 22, 2019.
McKinney, C., & Donner, T. (2015). Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners
McKinney C, Donner T. Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2015. [cited 2019 July 22]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners ID - 547161 A1 - McKinney,Christine,RD, LDN, CDE AU - Donner,Thomas,M.D. Y1 - 2015/11/29/ BT - Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -