Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners
is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide
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- Nutritive sweeteners contain carbohydrate and provide energy.
- Nutritive sweeteners are often termed sugars, added sugars or caloric sweeteners.
- Sugars are found naturally in fruits, dairy products and some vegetables.
- Sugars are also added to foods and beverages during processing and by the consumer before consumption.
- The names of sugar commonly found in foods includes: glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, maltose, lactose, corn-based sweeteners, honey, molasses, agave nectar and fruit juice concentrates.
- Sugar alcohols (polyols) contain about half the calories of sugar and are used as a lower-calorie sweeteners.
- The names of some of the sugar alcohols are: erythritol, glycerol (also known as glycerin or glycerine), hydrogenated starch hydrolysates, isomalt, lactitol, maltitol, mannitol, sorbitol, and xylitol.
Non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS)
- Have a higher intensity sweetness per gram than nutritive sweeteners.
- Only needed in small quantities so they provide very few or no calories.
- Also referred to as artificial sweeteners, low-calorie sweeteners, high-intensity sweeteners and noncaloric sweeteners.
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Last updated: November 29, 2015
McKinney, Christine, and Thomas Donner. "Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2015. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners.
McKinney C, Donner T. Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2015. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners. Accessed May 20, 2019.
McKinney, C., & Donner, T. (2015). Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners
McKinney C, Donner T. Non-nutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2015. [cited 2019 May 20]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547161/all/Non_nutritive_and_Nutritive_Sweeteners.
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