Johns Hopkins Guides provide diagnosis, management, and treatment guidance for infectious diseases, diabetes, and psychiatric conditions. Explore these free sample topics:
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- Insulin is the oldest and most effective therapy for treating hyperglycemia.
- Insulin can decrease the hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) to any level and there is no maximum dose of insulin beyond which glucose cannot be lowered.
- Modern insulins are manufactured by yeast or bacteria, using recombinant DNA techniques.
- Amino acid sequences of insulin are either identical to that of human insulin, or are modified to have altered pharmacokinetic properties (analogs).