Retinopathy is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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  • Retinal vascular complications of diabetes mellitus are classified into nonproliferative and proliferative forms.
  • Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR): describes the earliest retinal changes of diabetic retinopathy, resulting from damage to the small blood vessels in the retina.
  • Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR): describes a later stage of retinopathy, with new growth of abnormal blood vessels on the surface of the retina.

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Last updated: July 31, 2016


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TY - ELEC T1 - Retinopathy ID - 547129 A1 - Kalyani,Sachin,M.D. Y1 - 2016/07/31/ PB - Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide UR - ER -