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Musculoskeletal Diseases

Mimi Huizinga, M.D.
Musculoskeletal Diseases is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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  • A number of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are associated with diabetes.
  • Joints most often affected include shoulders, hands and feet.
  • Many of the MSDs associated with diabetes are systemic.
  • Duration of diabetes is a significant risk factor for most MSDs regardless of the type of diabetes.

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Last updated: November 30, 2011


Huizinga, Mimi. "Musculoskeletal Diseases." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2011. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547096/all/Musculoskeletal_Diseases.
Huizinga M. Musculoskeletal Diseases. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2011. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547096/all/Musculoskeletal_Diseases. Accessed August 21, 2019.
Huizinga, M. (2011). Musculoskeletal Diseases. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547096/all/Musculoskeletal_Diseases
Huizinga M. Musculoskeletal Diseases [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2011. [cited 2019 August 21]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547096/all/Musculoskeletal_Diseases.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
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