Johns Hopkins Diabetes GuideComplications and ComorbiditiesFemale Disorders

Menstrual Cycle and Glycemia in Premenopausal Women

Mindy S. Christianson, M.D., Melissa Yates , M.D., Wanda Nicholson, M.D.
Menstrual Cycle and Glycemia in Premenopausal Women is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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  • Uterine bleeding associated with abnormal menstrual cycles can be anovulatory or ovulatory.
  • Secondary amenorrhea: absence of menses for more than six months (or 3 cycles) in women who were previously menstruating.
  • Oligomenorrhea: fewer than nine menstrual periods in one year or menstrual cycles > 35 days
  • Polymenorrhea: regular menstrual cycles of < 21 days.
  • Menorrhagia: prolonged (>7 days) or excessive uterine bleeding at regular intervals
  • Metrorrhagia: irregular, frequent uterine bleeding of varying amounts and duration.
  • Intermenstrual: uterine bleeding between cycles.

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Last updated: June 17, 2013