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Menopausal Effects on Glycemia

Swaytha Yalamanchi, M.D., Melissa Yates, M.D., Wanda Nicholson, M.D.
Menopausal Effects on Glycemia is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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Menopause is defined retrospectively as the final menstrual period after 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea without other pathological or physiological causes.

  • Spontaneous or natural menopause: Occurs on average at age of 52 years, but varies widely from 40-58 years[4].
  • Induced menopause: Cessation of menstruation that occurs after either bilateral oophorectomy or iatrogenic ablation of ovarian function (ex: chemotherapy, pelvic radiation). Of note, surgical menopause begins the day that both ovaries are surgically removed in a previously menstruating patient.
  • Early menopause: Menopause occurring in women aged 40-45 years; occurs in ~5% of women
  • Premature menopause: Definitive cases of menopause before age 40, such as with surgical removal of both ovaries.
  • Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW) +10 staging system subdivides changes in menstrual cycle and hormonal changes into late reproductive stage, early menopausal transition, late menopausal transition, early postmenopause, and late postmenopause.

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Last updated: January 30, 2017


Yalamanchi, Swaytha, et al. "Menopausal Effects On Glycemia." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2017. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547089/3/Menopausal_Effects_on_Glycemia.
Yalamanchi S, Yates M, Nicholson W. Menopausal Effects on Glycemia. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2017. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547089/3/Menopausal_Effects_on_Glycemia. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Yalamanchi, S., Yates, M., & Nicholson, W. (2017). Menopausal Effects on Glycemia. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547089/3/Menopausal_Effects_on_Glycemia
Yalamanchi S, Yates M, Nicholson W. Menopausal Effects On Glycemia [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2017. [cited 2019 July 18]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547089/3/Menopausal_Effects_on_Glycemia.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Menopausal Effects on Glycemia ID - 547089 A1 - Yalamanchi,Swaytha,M.D. AU - Yates,Melissa,M.D. AU - Nicholson,Wanda,M.D. Y1 - 2017/01/30/ BT - Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547089/3/Menopausal_Effects_on_Glycemia DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -