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Bone Mineral Density

Kendall Moseley, M.D., Todd T. Brown, M.D., Ph.D.
Bone Mineral Density is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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  • Bone mineral density (BMD) is a measure of mineral content for a given bone area or volume.
  • Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mineral density and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture.
  • Bone architecture consists of minerals (calcium, phosphorus) which form hydroxyapatite crystals, as well as type I collagen and other proteins.
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM): BMD lower than age-matched healthy population; at higher risk for fracture compared to age-matched population[3].
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM): BMD normal to higher than age-matched healthy population; may be at higher risk for fracture despite normal to high BMD[3][2].

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Last updated: January 3, 2015


Moseley, Kendall, and Todd T Brown. "Bone Mineral Density." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2015. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547021/all/Bone_Mineral_Density.
Moseley K, Brown TT. Bone Mineral Density. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2015. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547021/all/Bone_Mineral_Density. Accessed August 19, 2019.
Moseley, K., & Brown, T. T. (2015). Bone Mineral Density. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547021/all/Bone_Mineral_Density
Moseley K, Brown TT. Bone Mineral Density [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2015. [cited 2019 August 19]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547021/all/Bone_Mineral_Density.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Bone Mineral Density ID - 547021 A1 - Moseley,Kendall,M.D. AU - Brown,Todd,M.D., Ph.D. Y1 - 2015/01/03/ BT - Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547021/all/Bone_Mineral_Density DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -