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Lee J. Sanders, D.P.M.
Amputations is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide.

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  • Surgical removal of all or part of an extremity - leg, foot, toe, arm or finger, or other outgrowth of the body.
  • Minor lower extremity amputation (LEA): toe(s), ray(s), transmetatarsal and mid-foot amputation.
  • Major lower extremity amputation (LEA): below-knee-transtibial amputation (BKA) of the lower leg distal to the tibial tuberosity; above-knee-amputation (AKA) of the leg through the femur (supracondylar, midthigh or high thigh).
  • Guillotine amputation: an open amputation for uncontrolled pedal sepsis, through a circular incision down bone, allowing for quick removal of septic focus and direct examination of muscle compartments for extension of infection.
  • Auto-amputation: Dry gangrene allowed to demarcate and proceed to amputation without surgical intervention.

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Last updated: December 14, 2015


Sanders, Lee J. "Amputations." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2015. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547006/all/Amputations.
Sanders LJ. Amputations. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2015. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547006/all/Amputations. Accessed July 22, 2019.
Sanders, L. J. (2015). Amputations. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547006/all/Amputations
Sanders LJ. Amputations [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2015. [cited 2019 July 22]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547006/all/Amputations.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Amputations ID - 547006 A1 - Sanders,Lee,D.P.M. Y1 - 2015/12/14/ BT - Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547006/all/Amputations DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -