Kathryn Dzintars, Pharm.D., BCPS



The FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for the emergency use of Paxlovid (nirmatrelvir/ritonavir) for the treatment of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 disease in adults and pediatric (≥ 12 years of age) who are at high risk for progressing to severe COVID-19 illness, including hospitalization and death.

  • Risk factors for severe disease include diabetes, overweight (BMI >25), chronic lung disease, chronic kidney disease, current smoker, immunosuppressive disease or immunosuppressive treatment, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, sickle cell disease, neurodevelopmental disorders, active cancer, and patients >60 years of age.
  • In February 2023, the FDA updated the EUA by removing the need for a positive COVID-19 viral test to prescribe the medication.

Paxlovid is NOT authorized for:

  • Initiation of treatment for patients requiring hospitalization
  • Pre-exposure or post-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of COVID-19
  • Use longer than 5 consecutive days

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Last updated: February 6, 2023