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West Nile Virus is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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  • West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus infection. RNA virus, part of Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses.
  • Humans mainly acquire through bite of infected mosquito in tropical and temperate regions; virus mainly found in birds, but also dogs, cats, horses, bats, chipmunks, and other rodents.
  • Cause of epidemic encephalitis, now endemic in the U.S.

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Last updated: May 31, 2016


Auwaerter, Paul G, and John G Bartlett. "West Nile Virus." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2016. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus.
Auwaerter PG, Bartlett JG. West Nile Virus. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2016. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus. Accessed June 17, 2019.
Auwaerter, P. G., & Bartlett, J. G. (2016). West Nile Virus. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus
Auwaerter PG, Bartlett JG. West Nile Virus [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2016. [cited 2019 June 17]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus.
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