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- Pericarditis causes: include infectious, non-infectious (malignancy/metabolic), drug-induced and immune-mediated.
- Infectious pathogens: a partial listing
- Bacteria: in the antibiotic era, increasingly due to mixed infections of oral flora (Peptostreptococcus/ anaerobes)
- Staphylococcus aureus (most common single organism cause)
- Streptococcus pneumoniae
- Neisseria meningitidis
- Haemophilus influenzae
- Salmonella spp
- Leptospira spp.
- Providencia stuartii
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Cutibacterium acnes
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis
- Most frequent worldwide, especially low-resource, endemic countries.
- Frequently associated with HIV infection.
- Coxiella burnetti
- Borrelia burgdorferi (infrequent cause of pericardial effusions)