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- Obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacteria.
- Grows like a virus (requires cell culture systems) but is a bacterium with RNA and DNA.
- As intracellular organism-parasite, requires host cell for ATP/GTP.
- Known to also cause disease in koalas, reptiles and amphibians.
- Elementary body is metabolically inactive form, has rigid cell wall that permits survival outside cell [Fig]. Inside cell is seen as inclusion body.
- Incubation culture to positivity: average 21 d.
- Historically known as the "TWAR" agent, as two of the original isolates were from Taiwan.
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Last updated: February 3, 2019
Fabre, Valeria, and John G Bartlett. "Chlamydia Pneumoniae." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2019. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540117/all/Chlamydia_pneumoniae.
Fabre V, Bartlett JG. Chlamydia pneumoniae. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2019. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540117/all/Chlamydia_pneumoniae. Accessed November 21, 2019.
Fabre, V., & Bartlett, J. G. (2019). Chlamydia pneumoniae. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540117/all/Chlamydia_pneumoniae
Fabre V, Bartlett JG. Chlamydia Pneumoniae [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2019. [cited 2019 November 21]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540117/all/Chlamydia_pneumoniae.
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