Official website of the Johns Hopkins Antibiotic (ABX), HIV, Diabetes, and Psychiatry Guides, powered by Unbound Medicine. Johns Hopkins Guide App for iOS, iPhone, iPad, and Android included. Explore these free sample topics:
-- The first section of this topic is shown below --
- Chikungunya virus (CHKV): single positive strand RNA arbovirus of family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus.
- Name taken from the East African/Mozambique Makonde language "that which bends up," believed to describe contortions due to severe joint pain.
- Human infection is vector-borne, primarily mosquitoes.
- Recent outbreak (2005-2006) in Indian Ocean islands may represent more virulent strain than historically as complications (meningoencephalitis, multiorgan dysfunction) and death reported more frequently.
- Human disease, especially arthropathy, similar to alphavirus Ross River virus infection.