Johns Hopkins ABX GuidePathogensParasites

Trypanosoma cruzi

Paul G. Auwaerter, M.D., Valeria Fabre, M.D.
Trypanosoma cruzi is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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MICROBIOLOGY

  • Protozoan parasite causes American trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ Disease).
  • Transmitted in rural Latin America when feces of infected "kissing bug" (species Rhodnius or triatomine bug), inoculated through insect bite wound or mucous membrane exposure.
  • Also present in zoonotic reservoirs/insect vectors in southern U.S. but transmission to humans rare.

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Last updated: May 28, 2014