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- Small fastidious intracellular pleomorphic Gram-negative bacilli.
- Bartonella has 19 known species, 7 cause human disease: B. henselae, B. bacilliformis, B. quintana, B. vinsonii, B. grahamii, B. elizabethae and B. koehlerae.
- Best seen with Warthin-Starry silver stain or a Brown-Hopps tissue gram stain.
- Major reservoir of B. henselae is cats -- 50% of cats are seropositive and transmit by saliva contact or scratching ("cat scratch fever" or catch scratch disease [CSD]).
- Menu of diseases caused by Bartonella include cat scratch disease, retinitis, trench fever, relapsing bacteremia, endocarditis, bacillary angiomatosis, and bacillary peliosis hepatitis.
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Last updated: October 4, 2015
Bartlett, John G. "Bartonella Species." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2015. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species.
Bartlett JG. Bartonella Species. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2015. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species. Accessed March 23, 2019.
Bartlett, J. G. (2015). Bartonella Species. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species
Bartlett JG. Bartonella Species [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2015. [cited 2019 March 23]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540056/all/Bartonella_Species.
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