Music Interventions for Mental Health

Michael J. C. Bray, MS, Elizabeth J. Prince, DO, Ted Avi Gerstenblith, M.D., Alexander Pantelyat, M.D.


  • Music therapy (delivered live by a trained music therapist) and music medicine (live or recorded music not delivered by a music therapist) are empirically supported interventions for the treatment of depression and anxiety, with emerging evidence of benefit for psychosis, and psychiatric symptoms in specific patient populations.
  • These approaches employ music listening or a selection of passive and/or interactive, therapist-delivered musical interventions and may alleviate psychosocial stress, improve mood, and/or address various goals of specific therapies (for instance, social functioning in autism spectrum disorder or psychosis).

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Last updated: May 8, 2020