- Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) teach individuals the skills needed to cultivate mindfulness, the practice of bringing intentional, non-judgmental awareness to the present moment.
- The practice of meditation is central to MBIs.
- MBIs improve focused attention, self-regulation, and self-compassion as well as change one’s relationship to the internal and external experiences of everyday life.
- While MBIs draw from the Buddhist framework, they are secular clinical interventions as opposed to religious or spiritual practices.
- Two of the most well-researched MBIs are Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT).
- Initially developed in the 1970s at University of Massachusetts Medical Center by Jon Kabat-Zinn, PhD, for the treatment of chronic pain
- Teaches mindfulness and coping skills through formal meditation practice, group discussion, and self-reflection
- Developed by Zindel Segal, Mark Williams, and John Teasdale in the 1990s for the treatment of recurrent depression
- Combines principles of mindfulness with cognitive therapy
- Focuses on identifying early signs of depressive episodes and “mindfully disengaging from distressing moods and negative thoughts”
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