Vascular Dementia

Lisa Young, B.S., B.A., Aaron Esagoff, B.S., Lisa N. Richey, Matthew E. Peters, M.D.


  • Acquired impairments in multiple cognitive domains as a result of one or multiple cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events causing ischemic brain injury.
    • Cumulative cardiovascular problems (e.g. atherosclerosis, thrombosis, vasculopathy) can reduce cerebral blood flow.
    • Impairments cause a decline in social and occupational functioning.
  • Chronic cognitive decline due to vascular dementia is classified under the neurocognitive disorders section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5)[1].

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Last updated: April 3, 2022