Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder

Meher Kalkat , Anne Leonpacher Walsh, M.D.
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide.

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DEFINITION

  • A disorder that encompasses atypical patterns of food intake or avoidance, that are not motivated by weight change or body image, cannot be explained by a medical illness, and that result in weight/nutritional disturbances or functional impairment
  • Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder is diagnosed when an individual fails to consistently consume an adequate number of calories and nutrients by mouth, potentially leading to significant weight loss or lack of appropriate weight gain, nutritional deficiencies, dependence on enteral feedings or oral nutritional supplements, and/or impairment in psychosocial functioning.
  • Common reasons for inadequate food intake may include fear of choking or vomiting, disinterest in eating, and issues with how food looks, feels, or tastes[1].

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DEFINITION

  • A disorder that encompasses atypical patterns of food intake or avoidance, that are not motivated by weight change or body image, cannot be explained by a medical illness, and that result in weight/nutritional disturbances or functional impairment
  • Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder is diagnosed when an individual fails to consistently consume an adequate number of calories and nutrients by mouth, potentially leading to significant weight loss or lack of appropriate weight gain, nutritional deficiencies, dependence on enteral feedings or oral nutritional supplements, and/or impairment in psychosocial functioning.
  • Common reasons for inadequate food intake may include fear of choking or vomiting, disinterest in eating, and issues with how food looks, feels, or tastes[1].

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Last updated: August 7, 2022