Autism Spectrum Disorder
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- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in two major areas:
- Social communication and social interaction and
- Restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities
- ASD is classified under the Neurodevelopmental Disorders section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5).
- The DSM-5 has an extensive, but not exhaustive, list of criteria for ASD. For these detailed criteria, please see the DSM-5 itself.
- The criteria-based diagnosis requires deficits in social communication/interaction across multiple contexts and restricted, repetitive behavior/interests.
- ASD encompasses DSM-IV’s autistic disorder; childhood disintegrative disorder; pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified; Asperger’s disorder.