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Autism Spectrum Disorder

J. Corey Williams, Na Young Ji, M.D.
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide.

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  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in two major areas[1]:
    • Social communication and social interaction and
    • Restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities
  • ASD is classified under the Neurodevelopmental Disorders section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5)[1].
    • The DSM-5 has an extensive, but not exhaustive, list of criteria for ASD. For these detailed criteria, please see the DSM-5 itself[1].
    • The criteria-based diagnosis requires deficits in social communication/interaction across multiple contexts and restricted, repetitive behavior/interests.
    • ASD encompasses DSM-IV’s[2] autistic disorder; childhood disintegrative disorder; pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified; Asperger’s disorder.

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Last updated: August 2, 2017


Williams, J. C, and Na Y Ji. "Autism Spectrum Disorder." Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide, 2017. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787035/all/Autism_Spectrum_Disorder.
Williams JC, Ji NY. Autism Spectrum Disorder. Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. 2017. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787035/all/Autism_Spectrum_Disorder. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Williams, J. C., & Ji, N. Y. (2017). Autism Spectrum Disorder. In Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787035/all/Autism_Spectrum_Disorder
Williams JC, Ji NY. Autism Spectrum Disorder [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide. ; 2017. [cited 2019 July 18]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787035/all/Autism_Spectrum_Disorder.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Autism Spectrum Disorder ID - 787035 A1 - Williams,J., AU - Ji,Na,M.D. Y1 - 2017/08/02/ BT - Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Psychiatry_Guide/787035/all/Autism_Spectrum_Disorder DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -