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Coronary Artery Disease is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide.

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  • HIV infection appears to increase coronary atherosclerosis and risk of acute coronary syndromes (ACS): 1.1 to 1.6x increased risk; 6-15% of deaths among HIV+ in U.S. and Europe caused by cardiovascular disease
    • Proposed mechanisms: HIV-mediated inflammation, coagulation disorders, lipid disturbances, gut translocation, and exposure to specific ART agents
  • ART agents associated with increased ACS risk (LPV/r, IDV, ABC, ddI) and increased cholesterol: greatest increase in cholesterol (>20mg/dL) with LPV/r, /r, NFV, TPV/r
    • Increased insulin resistance: most associated with LPV/r, IDV, d4T
    • Potential direct effect leading to ACS: ABC, ddI, LPV, IDV
  • Traditional risk factors:
    • Hypercholesterolemia and low HDL
    • Hypertension
    • Diabetes
    • Central obesity
    • Genetics (family history of MI < 55 yrs)
    • Advancing age
  • Behavioral factors
    • Smoking
    • Recreational drug use (especially cocaine)
    • Lack of exercise
    • Poor food choices

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Last updated: January 5, 2017


Hoffmann, Christopher J. "Coronary Artery Disease." Johns Hopkins HIV Guide, 2017. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545238/all/Coronary_Artery_Disease.
Hoffmann CJ. Coronary Artery Disease. Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. 2017. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545238/all/Coronary_Artery_Disease. Accessed August 18, 2019.
Hoffmann, C. J. (2017). Coronary Artery Disease. In Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545238/all/Coronary_Artery_Disease
Hoffmann CJ. Coronary Artery Disease [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins HIV Guide. ; 2017. [cited 2019 August 18]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_HIV_Guide/545238/all/Coronary_Artery_Disease.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
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