- Acute changes in medical condition that can cause either hyperglycemia (including diabetic ketoacidosis [DKA] and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state [HHS]) or hypoglycemia.
- Hyperglycemia may be due to stress of illness, failure to take adequate insulin or other diabetic medication, dehydration or excess sweet liquid intake.
- Hypoglycemia may be caused by: decreased oral caloric intake, decreased endogenous glucose production (e.g., adrenal crisis or liver failure), increased glucose utilization (e.g., infection), decreased insulin clearance (e.g., renal failure).
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Last updated: August 1, 2017
Maruthur, Nisa. "Outpatient Management of Diabetes and Acute Illness." Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide, 2017. Johns Hopkins Guides, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547109/1/Outpatient_Management_of_Diabetes_and_Acute_Illness.
Maruthur N. Outpatient Management of Diabetes and Acute Illness. Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. 2017. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547109/1/Outpatient_Management_of_Diabetes_and_Acute_Illness. Accessed November 29, 2023.
Maruthur, N. (2017). Outpatient Management of Diabetes and Acute Illness. In Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547109/1/Outpatient_Management_of_Diabetes_and_Acute_Illness
Maruthur N. Outpatient Management of Diabetes and Acute Illness [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins Diabetes Guide. ; 2017. [cited 2023 November 29]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_Diabetes_Guide/547109/1/Outpatient_Management_of_Diabetes_and_Acute_Illness.
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