HIV-Associated Diabetes

Sudipa Sarkar, M.D., Todd T. Brown, M.D., Ph.D.


  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes AIDS by infecting helper T cells of the immune system, leading to immunosuppression and opportunistic infections. Modern antiretroviral therapy can effectively control HIV replication and has greatly improved the prognosis for HIV-infected patients.
  • HIV-associated diabetes refers to diabetes occurring among individuals with HIV who may not otherwise have traditional risk factors for diabetes.

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Last updated: August 7, 2022