West Nile Virus
- West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus infection. RNA virus is part of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses.
- Humans mainly acquire through the bite of an infected mosquito in tropical and temperate regions; the virus is mainly found in birds and dogs, cats, horses, bats, chipmunks, and other rodents (see transmission cycle).
- Culex spp. is a leading vector of WNV infection, but other mosquito species may participate.
- Birds, especially crows and jays, sicken and die when infected. Some locales offer evaluation of dead birds to assess the presence of WNV in the environment.
- Cause of epidemic encephalitis, now endemic in the U.S.
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Last updated: March 18, 2023
Auwaerter, Paul G. "West Nile Virus." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2023. Johns Hopkins Guides, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus.
Auwaerter PG. West Nile Virus. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2023. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus. Accessed June 2, 2023.
Auwaerter, P. G. (2023). West Nile Virus. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus
Auwaerter PG. West Nile Virus [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2023. [cited 2023 June 02]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - West Nile Virus ID - 540591 A1 - Auwaerter,Paul,M.D. Y1 - 2023/03/18/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540591/all/West_Nile_Virus PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Johns Hopkins Guides DP - Unbound Medicine ER -