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Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E

Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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  • Viral pathogens that may induce hepatitis (other than traditional hepatitis virus HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV and HEV) as part of their disease spectra and are encountered in the U.S. include:
  • Other less common pathogens that induce hepatitis include:
  • Not substantial human pathogens:
    • GB viruses (some classify as GBV-A, GBV-C and GBV-D): transmitted via transfusion, intravenous drug use, hemodialysis, sexual contact, and from mother to fetus. Not believed to be a clinically significant pathogen as it does not replicate in the liver.
    • Hepatitis F virus: was the designation for a purported enterically transmitted agent during 1994 but subsequent studies did not confirm its existence.
    • TT virus (Torque teno virus, TTV, member of family Circoviridae, genus Anellovirus): some limited evidence points to oncological potential.

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Last updated: May 3, 2016


Auwaerter, Paul. "Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E." Johns Hopkins ABX Guide, The Johns Hopkins University, 2016. Johns Hopkins Guide, www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540268/all/Hepatitis__Non_A__B__C__D__or_E.
Auwaerter P. Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2016. https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540268/all/Hepatitis__Non_A__B__C__D__or_E. Accessed August 19, 2019.
Auwaerter, P. (2016). Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E. In Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Available from https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540268/all/Hepatitis__Non_A__B__C__D__or_E
Auwaerter P. Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E [Internet]. In: Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. The Johns Hopkins University; 2016. [cited 2019 August 19]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540268/all/Hepatitis__Non_A__B__C__D__or_E.
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TY - ELEC T1 - Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E ID - 540268 A1 - Auwaerter,Paul,M.D. Y1 - 2016/05/03/ BT - Johns Hopkins ABX Guide UR - https://www.hopkinsguides.com/hopkins/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540268/all/Hepatitis__Non_A__B__C__D__or_E PB - The Johns Hopkins University DB - Johns Hopkins Guide DP - Unbound Medicine ER -