Johns Hopkins ABX GuideDiagnosisGIHepatitis

Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E

Hepatitis, Non-A, B, C, D, or E is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide.

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PATHOGENS

  • Viral pathogens that may induce hepatitis (other than traditional hepatitis virus HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV and HEV) as part of their disease spectra and are encountered in the U.S. include:
  • Other less common pathogens that induce hepatitis include:
  • Not substantial human pathogens:
    • GB viruses (some classify as GBV-A, GBV-C and GBV-D): transmitted via transfusion, intravenous drug use, hemodialysis, sexual contact, and from mother to fetus. Not believed to be a clinically significant pathogen as it does not replicate in the liver.
    • Hepatitis F virus: was the designation for a purported enterically transmitted agent during 1994 but subsequent studies did not confirm its existence.
    • TT virus (Torque teno virus, TTV, member of family Circoviridae, genus Anellovirus): some limited evidence points to oncological potential.

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Last updated: May 3, 2016